The soil is the active place of plant roots, creating a loose breathable environment, and has certain water preservation capabilities, which is essential for carnation cultivation. Carnation is a root of flowers, its roots are growing in the soil of loose fertilizer and good ventilation.
Planting carnations is preferably selected from the soil, sticky and silthed soil that is unfavorable to its carnation, it is necessary to improve it.
Carnation is a cool plant, the optimum temperature of growth and development is 19 ~ 21 ° C, and the temperature difference between day and night should be kept within 10 ° C. The temperature is too high during the day, and the carnation will have a small phenomenon, the narrow phenomenon of leaves, the amount of branches, and the temperature of the leaves cannot be too high, otherwise the stem is weak, small, and a good abnormal reaction. If the summer temperature is higher than 35 ° C, the winter temperature is lower than 9 ° C, the growth is slow, or the plant growth is poor or even stopped.
Carnations have high requirements for plants. In addition to seedling or flora, there is no need to worry about the adverse effects of strong light on carnations, as a long-term plant, the longer the sunshine, the more you can promote the differentiation of flower buds, you can also get early .
By helping the auxiliary light, it can not only promote the growth of the plant, but inhibit the growth of the lateral branches, and also increase the diameter of the corolla and the color of the color.
Carnations are shallowed flowers, and the depth of planting cannot exceed 2 cm. After planting, it is water, and then water is then watered after the pot. Carnation is very unsteadless, in addition to the growth of the growth, flowering period, during the summer, it is necessary to increase the water, in general, water is not too much, keeping a certain humidity of the soil. Pay attention to the flowering time to dry the soil to dryness.
Carnations are shallow plants, and the root system is generally distributed in a soil layer of about 20 cm, so it is planted, and it is necessary to apply enough base fertilizer in the soil. Basfe fertilizer, compost, bone flour, etc., improve the physics of cultivation, to enhance its fertility, so that it is a riculous and easy fertile soil.
Carnations require constant additional fertilizer growth period. Trueding is docile with thin fat, topdressing once in 25 ~ 30 days. Smaller potted plants, for about 10 days to topose once. In the peak period of planting, the number of topdins can be increased. Fertilizers can choose pieces of fertilizer, chicken manure water, or use composite fertilizers.
The Spring and Autumn Festival will maintain soil moisture growth to meet the needs of growth and development. The growth of high temperature during summer is inhibited. At this time, the water should be placed to strengthen ventilation to maintain micro dryness of the pot.
Generally “frost” front and rear in the greenhouse, the temperature regulation is most suitable for true 10 ~ 20 ° C. In order to penetrate the flowering period, the temperature can be appropriately adjusted or lowered. It should be tried to reduce the humidity in the greenhouse to reduce the occurrence of disease.
In the winter, it is cultivated in the room with sunshine and well ventilated. If the temperature is suitable, the flower period can be extended to March of the following year.