Suitable water and humidity
Fern plants are wet and not drought, so pay special attention to watering. When it grows strong, watering every day and spraying water on the leaves can also spray water around the growth of ferns to keep moist. If you forget to water or water too much, cause damage to the root cause, and the leaves are injured, and the pots should be placed in the water, and the humidity of the surrounding environment should be improved. If too much watering causes yellow or withered leaves, you need to pull out the entire plant. At the same time, pay attention not to damage the root when pulling out, and cut off the roots of the water excessive water. Therefore, watering should be grasped with moderate principles and should be poured in the morning.
The temperature required for the growth of fern plants should be determined depending on the area it grows. For fern plants that grow, the temperature should be between 20 ° C and 27 ° C, and winter cannot be lower than 10 ° C. For areas growing in subtropical or temperate areas, the suitable temperature should be between 15 ° C and 20 ° C, and winter should not be lower than 7 ° C. Pay special attention to the winter temperature in the north. Do not be too low in winter, otherwise the frozen fern plant will be.
Some people think that sufficient light to give plants is obviously wrong in direct sunlight. Do not place the fern plants in direct sunlight, just place it in a bright place with sunlight. However, it is not necessary to light up in the entire process of growth. In the budding period, it is necessary to prepare for shading. During the dormant period, it must be in a place with sufficient light. Insufficient light will cause it to stand up.
During the period of breeding fern plants, it is necessary to ensure the freshness and flow of the air, especially in the sweltering summer. At the same time, the water should be supplemented in time to avoid “wearing the wind”.
The planting of ferns must be selected with organic and loose soil. The matrix can be selected to choose rotten soil, perlite, and peat soil. You can also add liquid fertilizer during the growth of the plant. Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium are particularly important for plants. Nitrogen can make plants grow strong, phosphorus can make the root system develop, potassium can promote photosynthesis and accelerate the synthesis of chlorophyll. The fertilizer should be comprehensive, so as to promote the better growth of the plant.
It should be noted that the ferns change pots every two to three years, and not a plant grows in a flower pot throughout his life. Be careful not to damage the roots when changing the pot. When implanting a new pot, do not put the soil in the plant first. You should put the plant in the pot first, and put it in your own matrix. There can be some shattered stones at the bottom of the pot to promote drainage and benefit the breathing of the root.
Prevent diseases and insect pests
Due to the poor environment, it is easy to cause some insect pests. The main pests are red spiders and aphids. The existence of red spiders will stagnate plants and leaves yellow. It is necessary to prevent and treat specific drugs for each insect pest, such as 1 % methosopaisamin 20,000. Common plant diseases include sudden diseases, rust, and nematode diseases. These diseases can cause poor growth or withering of plants to varying degrees, causing plants to not grow normally. Specific analysis should be analyzed when preventing various diseases.