Temperature and light
The best growth temperature of the bergamot is between 22-24 ° C, as long as the temperature is above 5 ° C, it can be safe to overwinter. It is best to ensure that the annual and daylight time of the bergamot is between 1200 and 1800 hours.
The humidity of the bergamot is generally 70%to 90%. The roots of the bergamot are shallow and need to be watered frequently. The summer high temperature period is exactly the strong growth period of the bergamot. It requires a large amount of water. Watering in the morning and evening, spraying water at the same time to increase the humidity of the surrounding air. After the autumn, the amount of watering gradually decreased. The temperature at the end of winter and spring is low. Due to the slow interior evaporation, the watering should not be too frequent. Generally, water can be poured once every three or five days to keep the pot soil moist. In the initial stage of blooming blooming, watering should not be too much to prevent a large number of flowers and fruits
Spring is a period of borosity to make new shoots, and fertilization should be pale at this time. It is best to apply nitrogen fertilizer once a week with watering. In the summer bergamot flowers, the fruit is large, the amount of fertilizer is large, and the fertilizer should be strengthened. In the early autumn, phosphorus, potassium, and calcium compound fertilizer should be applied, which is beneficial to increase the fruiting rate. After picking fruit, phosphorus and potassium fertilizers should be applied in time to supplement the plant to supplement nutrition to restore the growth and lay the foundation for the second year of flowering.
Choose a loose and fertile and well -drained acid loam to grow.
Prevention and treatment
The main pests of the bergamot include submarine moths, red spiders, rust ticks, cymbal worms, anthracnose, etc. It is necessary to take “prevention -oriented and comprehensive governance”. Once the diseased and insect pests occur, we should take corresponding measures in time to adjust the usual maintenance measures to perform chemical prevention and control.
The bergamot grows rapidly and has many branches. Every year, you must do a good job of trimming and plastic surgery to maintain strong tree growth. The branches can be distributed evenly. During the heyday of flowers and fruits, it usually starts in March and the autumn and winter fruits are trimmed after harvesting. After the fruit is harvested and in March, trimming and plastic surgery, cut off the cross branches, withered branches, sick branches and long branches. Short branches should be retained, because many short branches are the result of the result of the result. Except for the need for the need for expansion of the crown, the rest of the summer shoots should be cut off.
Generally, a pot change work is performed in 2 to 3 years, which can be carried out from February-March or September to October. New nutrients are added at the same time. While changing the basin, you can also prolong the bergamot moderate. After changing the pot, put it in the semi -yin for a period of time, and then restore normal maintenance.